Friday, April 22, 2016

More Russian Invasion Hubs of Golovinka-size, but spread-out

There are more Russian Invasion Hubs than the one near Rostov and Golovinka.
Most Russian military camps near the Ukrainian border have been noticed. But between the Golovinka camp and the Ukrainian border are ate least another 15 spread out camps that together have a similar size as the Golovinka camp.

Here is a map containing them all:

We'll have a look at each of them.


Formations tanks can be seen, as well as a convoy with towed guns just arriving at the camp. A lot of tents are present.


Lots of vehicles.


Most of the camp already abandoned, but still some vehicles and tent can be seen.


The 6-10-2014 image shows the extent of the camp, although abandoned. On the 4-9 image vehicles can be seen when the image is enhanced (it's obscured by flares of clouds):


Lots of tents.


Some tents and tracks in the trees.


On 4-9 mostly abandoned, but a parked helicopter can be seen. Inset shows group of vehicles on 6-10.


The 6-10 image ends right in the middle. lots of vehicles can be seen, as well as tents.
The 4-9 half shows another kind of vehicles.


Abandoned camp, but places where tents stood, can clearly be seen.


Again many vehicles as well as tents.


Only traces can be seen on several dates, but the area has clearly been used.


Image enhanced. Vehicles and tents. On the 6-10 image more positions of tents can be seen and also an area closeby that must have been used too.


Lots of vehicles ready to move out it seems.


Abandoned area, but lots of unusual traces can be seen, as well as an area where a big fire had happened.


Did you count them?
Munition depot in the top.


Same story.


This camp is South of Alekseevka and Aleksandrovka and North of the other camps and has been noticed by many already for a long time. It shows a variety of consistencies on different dates. It is on the same route and would fulfill a similar role as the other camps

All the areas together are of similar size as the Golovinka-base. So far these were unnoticed, because there were no satellite image available of that area. And when they became available they were still hard to detect, because they were further away from the Ukrainian border and spread out over a large area. Nevertheless these are significant forces.

Most of the camps appear on the 4-9 date. Some are already visible on 23-8, but that image only covers the bottom part of the area.

The position of these camps is between Golovinka base and the route to either Marinovka, Amvrossivka or Ilovaisk. So most likely they were used as temporary hubs/stops on the way from Golovinka to Ukraine.

Since the village of Ryasnoye is central and closeby, lets call these camps the Ryasnoye camps.

UPDATE 4-6-2016
It turns out that the train station in Pokrovskoye has been used throughout 2014-2015 to unload lots of armor, as these satellite images show:

So that seems to be the logical explanation for all these camps. After unloading they need to dwell somewhere. That was North of Pokrovskoye... on their way into Ukraine:

Monday, April 11, 2016

Geolocated videos: escaping from the border entrapment near Dyakove

This is a follow up on this blog 'Scale of the Krasnyi Luch 2014 operation and destruction' which used the data presented in this blog.

Ukrainian soldier Vitek Nikolaevskij uploaded a couple of  videos to his youtube account showing his whereabouts at the Ukrainian Dyakove camps and the escape from there.
They are essential for understanding what happened with the Krasnyi Luch operation, since they are about the only Ukrainian video source of what had happened.

So let's start with the beginning.

Video #1 - Russian UAVs 
The video shows a Russian UAV flying overhead and observing their positions. They try to shoot it, but are not able to bring it down.

These screenshots:

are taken like this:

This is at the heart of the southern Dyakove camp, that's been shelled most of all camps.

Video #2
This is a video showing some impacts:

This screenshot:

is taken like this:

The impact craters can be seen, two of which correspond with the impacts in the video.

Video #3 - more shelling

It's not possible to exactly geolocate this video. It looks like a different spot than the rest. But it shows what continuous shelling is doing: the people are relatively safe when in the trenches, but the vehicles can get easily destroyed when hit.

Video #4

This screenshot:

is taken like this:

They are in the outskirts of Dyakove. When he looks in this direction:

we can see smoke rising. He exactly looks towards their former positions were things are burning now:

This video shows the destruction that the Russian artillery created at their former camp.

video #5
Driving through Dyakove:

They are driving like this:

video #6
Driving over the plains:

Very hard to geolocate video. But it has to be in between some of the others. Furthermore the car is switching lanes, zo there must be some kind of 'double road'. Other clues are that there are incidental small bushes at both sides and there is smoke somewhere in the distance.

The best shot for this location/screenshot:

is somewhere on this road:

The double road is there. The road bends slightly to the right. There are small bushes at both sides. And... surprisingly there is a clear burnmark from some bushfire in the distance.
Most likely it is somewhere here.

video #7
They are pausing for a moment and in the distance something is burning:

This screenshot:

is taken like this:

The Google Earth image has more tracks that were created by groups that passed later on.

Next thing we can do is see what the origin of the smoke is (red box):

We see a group of trees and a single tree. We can locate these (and other trees) on the map:

and match them with the screenshot:

We draw the red line in Google Earth towards the red box. Then we look down the line to see what is there:

There are known wrecks in the vicinity, but not exactly on the red line which (if we did the previous step right) is a must. But there are impact craters on the line though:

So it looks like artillery is coming down in the area, but no vehicles were hit yet.

video #8abc
Next three videos shot from the same location.

Ukrainian units can be seen crossing a field. Smoke from impacts and/or hits (purple box) can be seen behind the tree line (green box). A smaller line of trees is in the distance (yellow box).

This screenshot:

is taken like this:

Vehicle icons = known wrecks
Purple line = direction of smoke
Red lines = visible tracks in Google Earth
yellow lines = view from camera

The soldier in the video talks about that they lost an Uaz and a Zil. The first being some sort of jeep and the second a truck.

Indeed both a Uaz and Zil can be seen in the Krasnyi Luch destruction video as this screenshot shows:

as well as their location in Google Earth along the route that they had been driving:

video #9

They drive along a treeline, with also a treeline in front of them and behind them. Furthermore it is in the evening and the sun is setting in front of them. So they are driving westwards. There are not many locations that have (at least) three treelines like that.

This is the only possible match:

The blueish-purple areas indicate where impacts can be seen. The orange square has two, one of which must have been the fire we can see in the middle of the field in the video. In the distance we can see many fires, which corresponds with the multiple impacts seen in the red square.

They are lucky that this dense volley missed them by 1 km...

Video #10


Looking back there is a sunrise (it must be like 4 'o clock in the morning and they must have spend the night somewhere). On the left side, there are impacts from shelling (again). There are electricity lines next to the road. And when they pass the treeline in front of them, the path to the left has trees on both sides.

They drove like this:

blue-purple areas = impact crater some of which were made when the video was recording

Video #11a/b

The second video is taken a little bit further than the first one.

This screenshot from the first video:

is taken like this:

Yellow vehicle icons = wrecks visible on Google Earth, likely from later groups

A large group of vehicles has assembled here. They made it to the other side. Although at this point they are still not completely safe yet.

The entire escape route now looks like this:

red lines = visible unique tracks in Google Earth
orange lines = roads and paths also visible in older satellite images
green line = Krasny Luch operation frontline 6/12-8

Another escape video #12
This video tells one soldiers story of his retreat from Dolzhansky border crossing:

At the end there are three shots with convoys on the route back. The first two were filmed at approximately the same location as video #7, since the trees in the distance match:

But the vehicles don't match. So it seems to have been another group taking the same/similar route out.

That third shot was taken like this within Dyakove:

What's interesting is this truck with trailer:

The pattern on the trailer exactly matches this one from the Krasny Luch wrecks video (which shows a lot/most of the wrecks in the area).

It means it didn't make it to the other side! And it looks like it got stuck while trying to cross a ditch.

It was at this location (yellow circle; 48° 1'48.37"N  38°59'51.25"E) a little bit before the UAZ and ZIL from the other group:

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